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I find it interesting that both Kagame and Lemarchand had something to do with this book. How amusing. Anyways. A quick browse of the table of contents reveals a remarkable book and one I can't wait to read. This is what much of my work is on, and the more insight I can gain, the better. I encourage you to dive into this book and others like it. I have some links in the profile to several on Amazon. Some I've read, and some I haven't. They're thick and often difficult reading, but the best way to learn is to read the work of those who dedicate their lives to studying these matters.

All sales profits from this book are going to the new Kigali Public Library, the first in Rwanda.

Links to Amazon removed.

Celebrity Activism

Ben Affleck visits refugee camps in eastern Congo

GOMA, Congo (AP) -- Ben Affleck is trying to draw more attention to the conflict in eastern Congo, touring refugee camps and consulting with aid workers in the region where at least 250,000 people have been displaced by recent fighting.

The actor, who has visited the Central African country four times since 2007 and has made a documentary about its problems, is also encouraging people to donate more to aid agencies working there.

"I'm not an expert in international affairs or diplomacy, but it doesn't take that to see the tremendous suffering here," he told The Associated Press on Thursday in Goma, the regional capital. "It's not something that we as human beings can, in good conscience, ignore."

Years of sporadic violence in eastern Congo intensified in August, when fighting heated up between the army and fighters loyal to rebel leader Laurent Nkunda.

Some fear the current crisis could once again draw in neighboring countries. Congo's devastating 1998-2002 war split the vast nation into rival fiefdoms and involved half a dozen African armies.

"I'm really glad that more people are paying more attention to (Congo) now but I'm really saddened that it's taken this uptick in violence to make that happen," Affleck said. "My hope in being here is primarily to bring attention to the fact that there's a real lack of (aid agencies) here, a real lack of money going to these folks."

Affleck said he first became interested in Congo a few years ago, when Hollywood's attentions began to focus another African crisis, Darfur. After doing more research on Africa, he was shocked to learn about Congo's four-year war, during which an estimated 5 million people died.

"I thought a lot of people are advocating on Darfur. I'd just be a very small log on a big fire. I started getting interested in Congo and I thought, this is a place where I can have a really big impact," he said.

(Read more.)

Think what you will of celebrity activism, but, these people have a way of reaching a public that might not care otherwise. Yeah, it can result in short-term, faddish interest, but when there is so much need, perhaps we should take what we can get.


Warsaw Uprising


Often ignored in discussions of the German genocides of the 1930s and 40s is the topic of the campaign against Polish Slavs. This website details the events and circumstances of the 1944 Warsaw Uprising in which 250,000 Poles lost their lives.
Found a couple blogs for you to read. It should be very informative.

Srebrenica Genocide Blog

Warning. There are some graphic images and probably some graphic descriptions.

The topics run a little wider than the 1995 massacre, too, including some current events, movies and books, action posts, and other assorted goodies.


This blog is centered on the dirty work (as it were) of documenting victims. It's important and heavy work, and should prove to be an interesting read.

Happy learning.

Victims’ Anger at Srebrenica Acquittals

ICTY - Tribunal Update
International Justice / ICTY
Briefly Noted
Victims’ Anger at Srebrenica Acquittals

Bosnian court ruling finds three men not guilty of crimes committed in UN-protected enclave.

By Velma Saric in Sarajevo (TU No 576, 7-Nov-08)
The Bosnian war crimes court found three Serb ex-soldiers not guilty of war crimes charges this week, and sentenced a fourth to just seven years, sparking outrage from victims’ groups.

The four men on trial were military policemen serving with the Bosnian Serb forces which in July 1995 seized the town of Srebrenica, a United Nations-protected enclave, and killed around 8,000 Bosniak men and boys sheltering there.

Prosecutors in the case had sought sentences totaling 150 years’ imprisonment. However, although the judge ruled that the men had helped round up civilians, he said it had not been proven that they were directly involved in the murders.

“This is a disgrace. While we are looking at mass graves all day long, verdicts like this are made. I'm very unsatisfied with the Bosnian courts,” Sabra Kolenovic, a member of the Mothers of Srebrenica group, told IWPR.

Defendants Zdravko Bozic, Zoran Zivanovic and Zeljko Zaric were released from detention immediately, despite the judge’s finding that they had helped to guard buses holding Bosniak men.

Several protected witness, known only by pseudonyms, said the defendants had guarded detained civilians in Srebrenica, and had also been guards of a column of around 30 buses that shipped the men out of the town of Bratunac.

However, the court ruled that the prosecution failed to prove that the defendants had abused or beaten prisoners, as was charged in the indictment.

Boris Grubesic, spokesman for the prosecutors’ office, told IWPR that prosecutors disagreed with the verdict and they would definitely launch an appeal.

Mladen Blagojevic was the only accused convicted on one count of crimes against humanity.

He was found guilty of having fired his machine gun at a school in Bratunac, which was being used as a detention centre for hundreds of Bosniak men, seriously wounding one of the detainees. The judge also said the defendant took part in separating the men out of the Bosniak population prior to the Srebrenica genocide.

Despite his conviction, his lawyer said the verdict was a triumph.

“All in all, we are content with the verdict, as my client was found not guilty of nine out of the 10 counts in the indictment. The court didn't accept any of the parts that claimed that he committed murder,” he said.

When deciding the length of sentence, Judge Stanisa Gluhajic said he had taken into account the fact that Blagojevic is a man with family, who had been young when his crime was committed, and who had behaved well during the trial.

Velma Saric is an IWPR-trained journalist in Sarajevo.
January 16, 2008

Dear Friends,

My apologies for writing one letter to all of you, but I am about to
disappear to Alaska on a production & wanted to get this to you. If
you click on the link below, you can read about the hate campaign
against Hubert Sauper's documentary, "Darwin's Nightmare." We¹re
asking you to sign a letter of support that will be given to the
French judge presiding over Hubert's case against a French professor
who has carried out a relentless and far-reaching campaign of
defamation and intimidation against him and the film.

It's an incredible story complete with manufactured websites
depicting Hubert & bin Laden having a beer, faked interviews with the
subjects of "Darwin's Nightmare," where one hears the interviewer
say, "what I want you to say is...."

But what's really going on is that "Darwin's Nightmare" shook the
government of Tanzania & threatened the corporate powers whose
profits rely on the misery of victims of AIDS, poverty, starvation, &
the numerous wars fueled by the trade of arms for fish. So they went
after Hubert & "Darwin's Nightmare," a film that has won more awards
throughout the world than one can count.

I hope you will read the history & sign the letter of support. The
trial begins this week. This is not just about one film, but about
the issue as it affects all documentarians' right to practice their
craft free of threats of calumny & censorship.


Joan Churchill

Sign today.


user name: doc
password: signer

My note. The last, in italics, is the recommended text.

The inherent right of speech, codified in my nation's Constitution, is a vital protection for those who speak, particularly those who speak unpopular words. But, it is moreso a precious protection for those whose lives may be saved and whose rights are protected when brave few dare to speak up for them. Roméo Dallaire is another who dared to speak up, and even spoke against the French government initially. But his words, and his deeds, saved 20,000 lives, and maybe more indirectly. What if he had been silenced and shuffled off somewhere? What still greater horror would have befallen?

We researchers depend on the work of documentary filmmakers to show us what is happening when governments lie and others massage reality. We who work in peace depend on those who dare to call attention to atrocity to show us where to work and who needs to be protected. If you work to silence these people, you will silence all of us. Inciting speech can be dangerous, but those who call attention to the wrongs of those in power are not inciting. They are terrifying to those with power, but that is all the more reason to protect their voices. It is not the popular opinion that must be protected, but the unpopular one; not the powerful voice, but the powerless. Hubert Sauper is speaking for the powerless. Silencing him is silencing those he seeks to protect.

I write in support of the filmmaker Hubert Sauper in his lawsuit this month against François Garçon. Sauper is a documentary filmmaker of great talent and integrity, whose work in Darwin's Nightmare is of the highest quality, grounded in the tested and accepted methodology of his profession. I protest the hate campaign that has been waged against him, and I urge the French courts to rule in his favor in his attempt to protect his reputation and his ability to continue his important work.

As a member of the international documentary community, I urge the court to recognize the widely-perceived quality and ethics that are the hallmark of Sauper's work, his deep commitment to the African people, and his basic right as a filmmaker to express his point of view. Without a guarantee of free speech, no documentary filmmaker anywhere in the world can work.

France has been a leader in documentary since the days of the Lumière Brothers, yet the attacks on Sauper raise serious concerns regarding the status of public discourse in the Republic today. We urge the court to rule in Hubert Sauper's favor, to put an end to the hate campaign against him, to award appropriate damages, and thereby to restore the right of Sauper – and, by extension, all documentary filmmakers, throughout the world – to practice their craft free of the threats of calumny and censorship.

Standfast - GINET


On December 3rd, people around the world will ask their friends and families to join them for STANDFast - an event that asks you to fast from one luxury item, like coffee or your morning newspaper, and donate the money that you would have spent on that item to protecting civilians in Darfur and Burma.

The money you donate supports GI-NET's Civilian Protection projects in Darfur and Burma, which provide much-needed protection to people living in fear of violence and attack.

On December 3rd, we're asking you to STANDFast with us against genocide.

Over the past three years, GI-NET members have raised more than $500,000 for civilian protection in Darfur. This year, we plan to raise even more and expand our protection efforts to those in Eastern Burma as well. Please join us this December to STANDFast against genocide and mass atrocities taking place in these areas and around the globe. You can make a difference!

When you participate in STANDFast, 100 percent of your gift goes directly to Genocide Intervention Network's Civilian Protection Program, which takes a unique approach to filling the gap between humanitarian efforts and the physical protection of civilians.
With as little as $2.56, you can make a direct impact on the lives of civilians.

DR Congo again. Demand action from Europe.

Petition through Avaaz

To global and European leaders:
We urge you to address the rapidly deteriorating situation in the Congo by supporting the immediate deployment of a neutral European force to protect civilians from rape, murder and starvation and secure humanitarian access - United Nations peacekeepers are crying out for this help, and it would provide impetus for them to play a more effective and balanced role in Congo. UN, EU and African officials should step up political engagement to strengthen the peace processes, acting as honest brokers and guarding against partisanship and exploitation.

As of right now, over 30,000 people have signed.

I know internet petitions are easily signed and even more easily ignored, but if there is a significant and combined voice of action, perhaps they will listen.

Email Secretary Rice

Food aid reaches Congo rebel town

The World Food Programme delivered a tonne of high-energy biscuits for children and said it hoped to send more convoys to the area on Friday.

Some 250,000 people have fled violence that flared in August between rebel and government forces.

The UN peacekeeping head has asked for 3,000 more troops to protect civilians.

There are 9,000 UN peacekeepers in the region, out of 17,000 nationwide.

[Read more.]

Call on the US government to ensure that the UN Security Council takes further steps to protect civilians in eastern DRC.
(Email sent through Amnesty USA.)

Do something meaningful today.

Iran - more than just nuclear fears.


The genocide watch community is currently very concerned about threats against the Baha'i community in Iran. My knowledge on both is limited, so I'll let your fingers do the teaching.

Learn with me.

Romeo Dallaire, expert on genocide, expresses concern for Baha'i community in Iran

Amnesty International websearch on Baha'i followers

Wikipedia on Baha'i Faith
(Just for primary information, of course.)

That's a good start for now.



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